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Maya Timeline

 
PERIOD
 
 
 
DATE RANGE
 
 
 
DEVELOPMENTS
  
 
 
3114-3113 BCE
 
Creation of the world, according to the long count calendar
       
Archaic
3000-1800 BCE
 
 
hunting gathering
settlement of Cuello, Belize (ca. 2600 BCE)
Early Preclassic
 
1800-1000 BCE
 
 
Olmec culture
settlement of Copan
social stratification
first ceramics
Middle Preclassic
 
1000-300 BCE
 
 
first lowland villages
settlement of Tikal (600 BCE)
extensive trade and exchange develops in Peten
Kaminaljuyú emerges as trade center (ca. 400 BCE)   
Late
Preclassic
 
300 BCE-
250 CE
 
 
first Tikal stelae,
pyramid building,
calendar
writing appears (ca. 100 BCE)
El Mirador abandoned
first known king date (Loltun cave, Yucatan, 100 CE)
 
Early
Classic
 
250-600
 
 
 

Teotihuacan influence
stela 29, earliest date monument at Tikal (292)
Tikal conquers Waxahktun (378)
Tikal sacks Caracol (556)  
Caracol defeats Tikal (562)

Late
Classic 
 
600-800
 
 
 

Teotihuacan sacked (ca. 650)
Temple of Inscriptions at Palenque begun (675)

 
Terminal Classic
800-925
 
Great Collapse of the classic Maya
Putun ascendency
Yax K'ik-Mo dynasty ended at Copan (820)
Tikal abandoned (899)
Coba is active in southern Yucatan (ca. 800)
House of the Governor and the Nunnery Quadrangle are commissioned at Uxmal (ca. 900)
 
Early Post-Classic
925-1200
 
Toltec hegemony in Yucatan
Chichén Itzá dominant in northwest Yucatan
 
Late Post-Classic
1200-1350
 
League of Mayapan dominant in Yucatan
highland city states
Chichén Itzá largely abandoned (1250)
       
Colonial Period
1500-1821

Hernández de Córdoba arrives at Yucatan (1517)
Spanish city of Merida established (1542)
John Lloyd Stephens and Frederick Catherwood explore the Maya world (1839)
War of the Castes (1847-ca. 1901)
Mexican independence (1821)

       
Postcolonial/Modern
1800s-
Miguel Angel Asturias wins Nobel Prize (1967)
Rigoberta Menchú,wins Nobel Prize (1992)
Chiapas Maya, Tzeltal and Tzotzil rise against the Mexican government (1994)
       

 


Some Sources